"Society" is a broad term. Let's break it down a little using these levels of analysis from Sociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World
Social categories: A collection of individuals who have at least one attribute in common but otherwise do not necessarily interact.
Social Institutions: A component of broader social structures, social institutions are patterns of beliefs and behavior that help a society meet its basic needs, often in a systematic way.
Sociological Perspective: The view that our social backgrounds influence our attitudes, behavior, and life chances.
Social Norms: Cultural standards and expectations for behaving
For this class, you may also want to be especially attentive to social phenomena (collective behavior, social movements), systematic stratification, social control, deviance, social class, race and ethnicity, sex and gender, power and authority, social change.